Questions

 

  1. Are the number and influence of domestic safety regulations increasing or decreasing in the motor carrier industry? Are the number and influence of domestic environmental regulations increasing or decreasing in the motor carrier industry? Are the number and influence of domestic economic regulations increasing or decreasing in the motor carrier industry? Overall, are the number and influence of domestic regulations increasing or decreasing? Provide examples to illustrate your conclusions.
  2. Define domestic transportation tariff and explain its role in domestic transportation services. Include the balancing of the role of contract services with transportation tariffs.

 

  1. 3)How can a company economically justify owning a private fleet given the potential costs associated with empty backhauls.

 

  1. What are the legal restrictions and barriers to entry associated with becoming an interstate truck driver?
  2. What is the economic impact of non-revenue generating activity in the motor carrier industry?
  3. What restrictions exist in the interstate motor carrier industry regarding hours that a driver is allowed to drive without a break, rest, etc.?

 

  1. What are the educational norms for varying positions of employment in the motor carrier industry?
  2. What protects a carrier from a “slow loading” company that delays a truck an excessive amount of time?

 

  1. Who pays for the way (roads) used by the motor carrier industry? Is this a fixed cost or a variable cost? How does this compare to the railroad industry? How does this compare to the way used by water ships? Compare the cost advantages of each mode associated with their individual infrastructure?
  2. How long does it take a truck to travel across the U.S.? How long does it take a railroad train to travel across the U.S.? How long does it take a water ship to travel from the east coast to the west coast in the U.S.? How do these transit times influence cost structures of shipping companies?

 

  1. Identify and discuss the main fixed costs in the motor carrier industry (TL, LTL, etc.).
  2. Identify and discuss the main variable costs in the motor carrier industry (TL, LTL, etc.).
  3. Identify and discuss the main fixed costs in the railroad industry (passenger, freight, etc.).
  4. Identify and discuss the main variable costs in the railroad industry (passenger, freight, etc.).
  5. Identify and discuss the main fixed costs in the airline industry (passenger, freight, etc.).
  6. Identify and discuss the main variable costs in the airline industry (passenger, freight, etc.).
  7. Identify and discuss the main fixed costs in the shipping industry (ocean going, river, etc.).
  8. Identify and discuss the main variable costs in the shipping industry (ocean going, river, etc.).
  9. Identify and discuss primary influencers of profitability in the truckload industry.
  10. Identify and discuss primary influencers of profitability in the LTL industry.
  11. Identify and discuss primary influencers of profitability in the railroad industry.
  12. Identify and discuss primary influencers of profitability in the airline industry.
  13. Identify and discuss primary influencers of profitability in the shipping industry.
  14. What roles do government regulations have on the profitability of the distinct modes domestically?
  15. What roles do government/international regulations or tariffs have on the profitability of the distinct modes domestically?
  16. How would you allocate the fixed costs associated with the acquisition of a power unit in the motor carrier industry? Are there other approaches? Discuss the pros and cons of alternate approaches.
  17. How would you allocate the fixed costs associated with the acquisition of a break bulk facility in the LTL industry? Are there other approaches? Discuss the pros and cons of alternate approaches.
  18. How would you allocate the fixed costs associated with the acquisition of a locomotive in the railroad industry? Are there other approaches? Discuss the pros and cons of alternate approaches.
  19. Discuss the pros and cons of a railroad lobbying for the building of roads that allows freight to move by motor carriage rather than rail. (Note: this prevents railroads from increasing revenues but also reduces their infrastructure costs.)
  20. Who pays for the infrastructure (roadways) used domestically by the motor carrier industry?
  21. Who pays for and maintains the ports used by shipping companies?
  22. Who pays for and maintains airports?
  23. Who pays for and maintains pipelines?
  24. What laws prevail when a pipeline crosses national boundaries?
  25. What laws prevail when a ship crosses national boundaries? (What does “crossing a national boundary” mean when an ocean is involved?)
  26. What laws prevail when an airplane crosses national boundaries? (What does “crossing a national boundary” mean in this context?)
  27. What laws prevail when a truck crosses national boundaries? (What does “crossing a national boundary” mean in this context?)
  28. What laws prevail when a railroad crosses national boundaries? (What does “crossing a national boundary” mean in this context?)